The O star α Cam is bright (V = 4.3), located at DEC=66 degrees, and therefore easily
accessible for Northern observers. It a very good target for moderate instruments.
α Cam is a magnetic candidate star (one of very few). The strongest confirmation of
being magnetic would be if an accurate period could be determined. Therefore, the prime
goal is to determine the rotation period of the star, which is likely between 4 and 5
days. Previous data did not allow to determine sufficient accuracy.
In practice this means that the duration should be at least 10 or 20 rotation periods,
i.e. at least one month, preferably 2 months.
All wind affected lines (all H, He I and He II) vary significantly on timescales of hours, especially H-alpha shows obvious variations. See here March 2022.
There are at least two reasons to observe alf Cam.
The importance to determine a better period of alpha Cam is that it is a magnetic candidate star. There are only a handful of magnetic O stars known, so determining an accurate period would give indirect evidence of the presence of a magnetic field.
Our observations in March 2022 are to sparsely in time to see the H-alpha mountain changing its slope. An observation session of say 5 days with a higher rate say 3 hours would be helpful.
Observe at least H-alpha.
To support the scientific campaign one spectrum a night should do because we cover 6 timezones. This campaign can start immediately if the clouds vanish and may last as long as you are fine with it.
The aesthetic campaign needs good weather in more timezones at once and if possible four spectra per night. Maybe we should start it in the group Astronomical Spectroscopy where you find us under the topic The O-type star alfa Cam.
The campaign ends in April 2023 at the latest. However, I am afraid that prolonged cloud cover will interrupt the constant observation. Unfortunately, this has now happened and I think we have collected enough spectra. Yes, it actually turned out to be 214 spectra. Wonderful. A great result.
Last modified: 2022 Dec 23